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Segmental unit phonemes are th kh; p t k; b d;fs h; m n; I r; i e, a o i; 
VV, V. Nasalized vowels are also distinctive, but in the vast majority of 
cases occur only in preconsonantal and word-final positions, where they 
can be shown, as above, by -F/i. Stylistically or otherwise, nasalized 
vowels may always be replaced by a nasal consonant flanked by oral 
vowels (VNV), Arawak /i/ is mid to high back w«rounded, Arawak /o/ 
mid to high back roimded. 


Taylor, Douglas. 1977. Languages of the West Indies. 
Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press.